From Composition Patterns to AspectJ and Hyper/J distribution or persistence) present many problems for software development that manifest themselves throughout the lifecycle. Inherent properties of crosscutting requirements, such as scattering (where their support is scattered across multiple classes) and tangling (where their support is tangled with elements supporting other requirements), reduce the reusability, extensibility, and traceability of the affected software artefacts. Scattering and tangling exist both in designs and code and must therefore be addressed in both. To remove scattering and tangling properties, a means to separate the designs and code of crosscutting behaviour into independent models or programs is required. This paper discusses approaches that achieve exactly that in either designs or code, and presents an investigation into a means to maintain this separation of crosscutting behaviour seamlessly across the lifecycle. To achieve this, we work with composition patterns at the design level, AspectJ and Hyper/J at the code level, and investigate a mapping between the two levels. Composition patterns are a means to separate the design of crosscutting requirements in an encapsulated, independent, reusable, and extensible way. AspectJ and Hyper/J are technologies that provide similar levels of separation for Java code. We discuss each approach, and map the constructs from composition patterns to those of AspectJ and Hyper/J. We first illustrate composition patterns with the design of the Observer pattern, and then map that design to the appropriate code. As this is achieved with varying levels of success, the exercise also serves as a case study in using those implementation techniques.
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