**Flexible Motion Optimization with Modulated Assistive Forces**
**Nam Hee Kim, Hung Yu Ling, Zhaoming Xie, Michiel van de Panne
University of British Columbia**
**[SCA 2021](http://computeranimation.org/)**
ACM SIGGRAPH / Eurographics Symposium on Computer Animation
![](modassist.png border="1") __Abstract__ Animated motions should be simple to direct while also being plausible. We present a flexible keyframe-based character animation system that generates plausible simulated motions for both physically-feasible and physically-infeasible motion specifications. We introduce a novel control parameterization, optimizing over internal actions, external assistive-force modulation, and keyframe timing. Our method allows for emergent behaviors between keyframes, does not require advance knowledge of contacts or exact motion timing, supports the creation of physically impossible motions, and allows for near-interactive motion creation. The use of a shooting method allows for the use of any black-box simulator. We present results for a variety of 2D and 3D characters and motions, using sparse and dense keyframes. We compare our control parameterization scheme against other possible approaches for incorporating external assistive forces. __Paper__ [PDF (3.5 Mb)](2021-SCA-modassist.pdf) __Full length video__ __Short Presentation__ __bibtex__ ````````````````````````` @inproceedings{2021-SCA-modassist, title={Flexible Motion Optimization with Modulated Assistive Forces}, author={Nam Hee Kim, Hung Yu Ling, Zhaoming Xie, Michiel van de Panne}, booktitle = {Proc. ACM in Computer Graphics and Interactive Techniques (PACMCGIT)}, volume = {4}, number = {3}, year={2021}, note = {to appear} } `````````````````````````