Snibbe, S. S., MacLean, K. E., Shaw, R., Roderick, J.B., Verplank,W., Scheeff, M. (2001). "Haptic Techniques for Media Control." in Proceedings of ACM Symposium on User Interface Software & Technology (UIST 2001), Orlando, FL, 2001.
We introduce a set of techniques for haptically manipulating digital media such as video, audio, voicemail and computer graphics, utilizing virtual mediating dynamic models based on intuitive physical metaphors. For example, a video sequence can be modeled by linking its motion to a heavy spinning virtual wheel: the user browses by grasping a physical force-feedback knob and engaging the virtual wheel through a simulated clutch to spin or brake it, while feeling the passage of individual frames. These systems were implemented on a collection of single axis actuated displays (knobs and sliders), equipped with orthogonal force sensing to enhance their expressive potential. We demonstrate how continuous interaction through a haptically actuated device rather than discrete button and key presses can produce simple yet powerful tools that leverage physical intuition.