The design space of appearance fabrication and display, as of early 2013. Follow hyperlinks to learn more about the techniques.


After decades of research on digital representations of material and object appearance, computer graphics has more recently turned to the problem of creating physical artifacts with controllable appearance characteristics. While this work has mostly progressed in two parallel streams - display technologies as well as novel fabrication processes - we believe there is a large overlap and the potential for synergies between these two approaches. In this report, we summarize research efforts from the worlds of fabrication display, and categorize the different approaches into a common taxonomy. We believe that this report can serve as a basis for systematic exploration of the design space in future research.


Download the full report as PDF (1.5 MB)    [STARComputationalFabricationDisplay-EG2013.pdf]


    author={Matthias B. Hullin and Ivo Ihrke and Wolfgang Heidrich 
            and Tim Weyrich and Gerwin Damberg and Martin Fuchs},
    title={Computational Fabrication and Display of Material Appearance},
    booktitle={Eurographics State-of-the-Art Reports {(STAR)}},
    pages={17 pages},
    location={Girona, Spain},

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